Blower Truckpedia is your source for all things pneumatic Blower Trucks and Blower Trailers. Get the low-down on industry terminology, colloquialisms, and learn the ins-and-outs of Peterson’s industry-leading machines. Blower Truckpedia is your source for What You Need to Know.
The single hydraulic motor powering all of the augers and tines. The auger motor drives the daisy chains connected to the sprockets at the end of each auger.
Bark Blower describes equipment that can pneumatically deliver ground covering materials including bark mulch, soil, compost, wood chips, and more. Peterson sells both Blower Trucks and Blower Trailers depending on your specific needs.
Bark Mulch is processed bark material from different species of trees, used as a ground covering for multiple applications. It can be used for water retention around plants while giving the landscape an attractive manicured appearance. It may also be used for acidifying soil and weed control, provide mud control, trail surfaces, and as a growing medium.
Bark mulch comes in different sizes and species, tailored for specific applications. Each bark species has its own defining characteristics and are often regionally popular based on local forests varieties. Fir, cedar, cypress, oak, pine and hemlock are just a few varieties available.
Bark Mulch is typically orange/red-brown in color, but may have added coloring, such as red and black, for additional customization.
The blower motor is the hydraulic motor, coupled to the shaft of the blower, providing power to the blower to produce air flow.
A Blower Trailer, sometimes called a Bark Blower, is a semi trailer which pneumatically delivers ground covering materials including bark mulch, soil, compost, wood chips, and more. Blower Trailers are ideal for landscaping, lawn-seeding, erosion control, spreading playground chips, and many other applications.
A Blower Trailer is comparable to a Blower Truck but without a semi tractor included. The trailer can be attached to a tractor for easy transportation of the desired material.
A Blower Truck, sometimes called a Bark Blower, is an-all in-one tractor trailer which pneumatically delivers ground covering materials including bark mulch, soil, compost, wood chips, and more. Blower Trucks are ideal for landscaping, lawn-seeding, erosion control, spreading playground chips, and many other applications.
Blower Trucks are comparable to Blower Trailers but come with a semi tractor included unlike the standalone Blower Trailer.
Materials that do not flow well form an arch or span across sloping sides of a blower truck body, leaving a void. This prevents material from continuing to move into the feeder, reducing material or halting discharge. Bridging typically occurs in force feed systems.
Peterson’s blower trucks and trailers are designed to prevent bridging with its vertical wall body, live floor and gravity feed system.
Bridging is a serious problem, and clearing material can cause serious injury or even death. The only safe way to free the material is to stop the blower truck, open the back door, and shovel the bridged material out of the truck. It is dangerous and never permissible to be inside the box of an operating blower truck.
The bulkhead is the area at the front of the truck box or trailer in which Peterson places their componentry (examples: trailer engine, blower and blower motor, hydraulic components, and electrical controls) to protect them from road hazards as well as material inside the box.
Cab Warning Light
Optional safety lights located on top of the truck cab, giving nearby people and traffic awareness of work being performed. The cab warning light is a spinning orange warning signal.
Grease lines are routed to multiple greasing points, creating a centralized greasing maintenance location. This creates easier maintenance for operations and reduces human error.
Class 8 Truck
A Class 8 Truck is a heavy duty commercial vehicle with a Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) exceeding 33,000 lbs (14968.55 kg) and typically having three or more axles. Class 8 trucks generally require a Class-B CDL driver's license or Class-A CDL for combination vehicles (truck and trailer). Peterson Blower Trucks and Trailers are Class 8 vehicles.
Closed Loop Hydrostatic Hydraulic System
A closed loop hydrostatic hydraulic system is a hydraulic system which the oil flows from the pump to the hydraulic motor back to the pump. This type of hydraulic system gives you immediate control over power functions associated within the systems loop, including the pause/resume feature of Peterson's blower trucks and blower trailers.
Colored Mulch has been dyed a chosen color, often red or black. It is mainly for aesthetics to give your garden or landscape a fresh and different look.
Compost is organic matter that has been decomposed and may be made from single source material or blended for specific application performance. Materials used include: garden debris, kitchen scraps, manure, or yard and lawn waste.
Nutrient rich in composition, compost acts as a natural, healthy, organic fertilizer for your plants. Compost is typically a soil additive mixed prior to planting to provide nutrients and improve soil structure, but can also be used a protective mulch layer or top dressed to planted areas.
Composted manure is decomposed animal feces, urine, and bedding (typically straw, wood shavings, or sawdust). Composted manure is nitrogen rich and are best used as fertilizers. Composted manure is often mixed into proprietary soil blends for specific applications.
A coupler connects discharge hoses together for a longer reach. Peterson's standard couplers are an external design, resulting in no internal restriction to the material flow. The full inside diameter of the hose is available for air/product flow which means your hose is less likely to plug.
The clam shell coupler goes on the outside of the discharge hose using a wedge to cinch the coupler tight to the hoses.
- Screw-On Coupler
Cubic Feet per Minute (CFM)
Cubic Feet per Minute (CFM) is a measurement of volumetric flow, or velocity of air flow, used by manufacturers of blowers and fans.
Daisy chains are roller chains transmitting motion from the hydraulic auger motor to the sprocket, turning the augers in the feed system.
A devil's tail is attached to the auger above the feeder. They continuously agitate material to prevent bridging from occurring.
The discharge hose delivers a variety of material from the truck/trailer to the ground. Peterson blower trucks and trailers can move material up to 600 feet (182.88 m) and are equipped with 5-inch diameter hoses which can move more material than their competition and are less likely to plug. Optional 4" (10.16 cm) and 6" (15.24 cm) hoses are available.
Discharge Hose Diameter
For each one-inch increase or decrease in the discharge hose diameter you get approximately a 33% increase or decrease in material volume that the hose can carry. As a general rule, use the smallest diameter conveying tube with the required capacity. Smaller discharge hoses are a more economical system. The larger the hose the less apt they will be to plug with larger more difficult particulates. Peterson blower trucks and trailers can accommodate 4-, 5-, or 6-inch hoses.
The DOT Kit is a basic traffic safety kit containing flares, roadside triangles, and a fire extinguisher.
Dual Drive Feeder
Two gearboxes as well as two hydraulic motors are attached to the dual drive feeder, maximizing torque. This gives Peterson blower trucks and trailers a distinct advantage over competitive machines with a single drive system.
The end gate is the back door of the blower truck that swings out 90 degrees and holds the augers, tines and hose reel.
Erosion Control are the techniques used to prevent wind and water erosion in agriculture, land development, and construction. It's used to protect soil, water, wildlife habitat and property.
There are many different techniques and methods that fall in four common practices: vegetation, geotextiles, mulch, and retaining walls.
Using a blower truck, is a great tool for erosion control.
- Blowing mulch, such as straw, with a tackifier creates a blanket, protecting new growing vegetation
- Blowing mulch, compost, and other soils, into berms, creates low retaining walls. The picture shown is a berm in conjunction with a geotextile to create a retaining wall.
- Using erosion control socks, filled with blown material provides a good erosion control product.
Erosion Control Sock
Erosion Control Sock
An Erosion Control Sock is a an expandable filter material in the shape of a tube typically filled with wood chips, compost, or other mulch. This can be a superior alternative to silt fences to divert, control and trap sediment and debris during construction activities. Erosion control socks allow water to flow through, while keeping soil in place. Socks can be biodegradable and are available in a variety of diameters. Erosion control socks are filled on-site pneumatically with the use of blower trucks.
- See Erosion Control
The feed system on a pneumatic blower truck includes all the mechanics that move the material toward and into the blower and discharge system. There are different types of designs and mechanics. Peterson blower trucks and trailers use a gravity feed system for it's efficiency, safety, and lower wear and maintenance on parts.
Peterson's feed system uses the walking floor with optional power sweep to move material from the straight-walled box toward the feeder. The tines fluff and break up material while the auger with devil's tails move the material toward the feeder while breaking up any clumps. Peterson's feed system is uniquely designed to prevent bridging, keep operators safe, and efficient material handling.
The Feeder meters the volume of material introduced into the discharge air stream. Peterson's blower truck and trailer feeders have a larger opening than competitors and a dual drive system that helps with the cutting of difficult materials. This prevents clogs and ensures a smooth delivery of feed materials into the air stream.
Peterson offers a custom graphics package to make your blower truck or trailer stand out. Customized for your company's brand and logo. Multiple designs to choose from, including fully customized options. Beat the competition by standing out in the crowd.
A Gravity Feed uses gravity rather than force to deliver material into the feed system. Augers and tines break up the material, dropping it into the feeder and prevent bridging, ensuring a consistent flow of material into the air stream.
A green roof is a living roof of a building made from growing vegetation. The roof is covered with a waterproofing membrane, growing substrate such a soil or mulch, and then seeded.
Green roofs increase air quality and filter pollutants, provides insulation to the roof reducing energy consumption, reduce noise, can provide food and habitat for birds and other wildlife.
Green roofs can be designed for a wide range of maintenance requirements, while some are designed aesthetically as recreation, dining, or community garden spaces.
Green roofs are often installed with the help of a blower truck to pneumatically move material from the ground to the roof. This eliminates the need for wheelbarrows, construction cranes, and other heavy duty equipment. The blower truck can install rooftop soil and mulch efficiently.
Gross Combined Vehicle Weight (GCVW)
Gross Combined Vehicle Weight (GCVW) is the combined weight of the trailer, tractor, passengers and cargo. It differs from the GVWR because it includes the weight of the trailer as well.
Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR)
The Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR) is the maximum operating weight of a vehicle, including fuel, driver, and cargo but excludes the weight of a trailer.
See Gross Combined Vehicle Weight (GCVW)
Helix Style Rotor
Helix Style Rotor describes the angle in which the pockets are placed on the rotor of the feeder. This helix assists in cutting any oversized organic material and sealing the air in the air pipe, delivering a smooth flow of material into the air stream for smooth performance at the end of the discharge hose.
The hose reel, a Peterson exclusive, is an efficient way to unload and load hose in between jobs. Because larger lengths of hose can be stored, fewer couplers are needed. On blower trucks, the external reel is at the back of the truck, for blower trailers, it is enclosed at the front of the trailer. Peterson's hose reel design has an optional powered take-up allowing operators to unreel and retract hose quickly and efficiently. This leaves operators better rested so that they can be more productive throughout their day, instead of being fatigued loading and unloading hose by hand.
The external hose reel can hold up to 320 feet (98 m) of hose.
The hose reel is available with an optional reel cover for custom graphics.
The indicator wheel is a visual cue for the operator that the feeder is engaged.
Intake Silencers and Discharge Silencers
Intake Silencers and Discharge Silencers decrease the decibels of the machine similarly to a muffler on a motor vehicle providing additional safety to the operator.
Intake silencers are located on top of the blower, while the discharge silencers are located on the bottom of the blower.
The Parker IQAN (pronounced i-can) system is the main computer processor and control system platform used on all Peterson equipment. It monitors machine inputs and outputs while controlling machine functions. The IQAN Controls are the primary interface for the operator to control performance and functions.
The knife a replaceable wear part that cuts any oversized organic material that may get into the feeder system with the help of the helix of the rotor in the feeder.
Kunkle Valve is a safety device for pressure control, regulating PSI, to prevent a backup in air pressure and can decrease air flow if pressure is too high. Kunkle valves create safer working conditions.
Lawn Mix is a blend of grass seeds with a spectrum of growing properties intended primarily for making lawns. By mixing seed varieties, planting success is ensured for a variety of climates and planting conditions.
LED Directional Light Bar
The LED directional light bar is an added measure of safety for any operator that may be working anywhere that there is traffic. This light bar gives operators a way to visually let traffic know that they are working in the area or even direct traffic around them to the left side or the right side of the truck.
Mulch is a protective layer of material applied to the surface soil, and may be used for a variety of applications.
- conserve moisture
- provide weed control
- regulate soil temperature
- promote soil fertility
- boost landscape appearance
- prevent soil erosion
It can be made from a variety of materials, typically organic, but not exclusively. Organic mulches are typically a product that can decompose providing nutrients to the soil over time. Not all materials are available commercially or have the ability to be used as a blown in material. Materials include:
- wood chips
- leaves & grass clippings
- mint compost
- hay & straw
- seed & nut hulls/shells (coconut, pecan, hazelnut, etc)
Playground Chips are engineered wood chips or mulch designed specifically for outdoor play surfaces such as playgrounds. Chips should meet safety specifications for playground access and fall protection set by ADA (American Disabilities Act) and ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials). Playground chips allow a springy surface with a tight enough surface to allow wheel chair access, yet still allowing water to pass through. Peterson blower trucks and trailers are an ideal tool for distributing this type of material.
Pneumatic seeding, mixes seed with proprietary blends of composted soil mixtures and applied to the landscape with a blower truck. Pneumatic seeding is great for lawns, erosion control, large areas, and limited access landscapes. It is often more effective than hand seed distribution, and lower cost than sod. Laying soil with seed means the seed is planted rather than exposed, keeps the seed in place while protecting it from harsh elements, and provides moisture retention.
- See Seeder
Peterson’s optional power sweep cleans the floor, acting as a mechanical broom, allowing for quick changes in material to different customers or job sites.
Power Take Off (PTO)
Power Take Off (PTO) is a device that transfers power of a running engine, to another piece of equipment such as an attached implement or separate machine.
Peterson blower trucks can pull power from the trucks engine to give hydraulic power to the box.
The proximity switch is a safety switch telling the IQAN control box whether the end gate (rear door) is open or closed.
PSI (Pounds per Square Inch)
Blowing pressure is measured in PSI, a unit of pressure measuring pound-force per square inch. Alternative measurements are ksi (kilopound per square inch) or bar (14.5038 psi).
Peterson’s blower trucks use a kunkle valve to regulate the PSI of our systems.
Peterson blower trucks and trailers can operate material discharge via remote control, enabling a single-person operation. Pause and resume operation with a single push of a button.
Peterson blower trailers can discharge material from the right-hand or left-hand side of the vehicle. In the USA a machine would traditionally discharge to the right-hand side of the machine which would keep an operator curbside for safety. In the event that the operator is blowing material down the center median streetscape the air discharge hose can be reconfigured for a left hand discharge which would keep the hose and operator out of traffic and on the center median.
The screw-on coupler screws on the outside of the discharge hoses with a cam lock style connection that is air tight.
The seeder allows pneumatic seeding by introducing seed into the material mix. Alternatively, the seeder can be used for adding fertilizer or a tackifier.
The Slide Axle is the rear tandem axle on a trailer that can be slid forward (or backward) along the length of the trailer to adjust the weight on different axles. This allows drivers to put the axles where the weight is best distributed. When the rear axle is in a forward position, decreasing the wheelbase, it increases maneuverability in tight areas.
Spring-Loaded Tensioners are bolt on tensioners that are spring loaded to keep daisy chains from skipping over a tooth on the sprockets of the augers and tines. If an auger is loaded heavily it has forgiveness not to over pressure the chain causing a premature failure.
Sprockets are the gears located at the end of each auger and tine that they drive.
Stainless Water Tank
A Stainless Water Tank is a non-corrodible storage tank to haul water to job sites when water access is not available. Water is used for dust control or potential clean-up with garden hose.
Tackifier is a chemical compound used in formulating adhesives to increases the stickiness of the substance. Tackifiers are mainly used in erosion control, added to the pneumatic seeding mix or substrate for steep slopes. This increases the tackiness of a substance, helping to keep it in place.
A Tag Axle is a type of lift axle located behind the driving tandem axles. Lowered to the ground when needed for heavy loads, distributing the loaded weight across more axles. Tag axles shorten the wheelbase making it more maneuverable than a push axle. Tag axles are standard on Peterson Blower Trucks.
Tines are a thin, pointed rod that breaks up material to prevent bridging. Peterson's tines on their blower trucks and trailers move in an upward stroking motion to continually break up the material.
Transducers are a device that takes hydraulic pressure (PSI) readings and turns them into digital data for the IQAN control system.
Peterson's blower trucks and trailers feature a Tri-Lobe™ Blower which is a robust and reliable system. The system is designed to use 5 and 6 inch (12.7 and 15.24 cm) diameter hoses which can blow materials that could plug smaller hoses. Stiffer at the shaft than than a two-lobe blower and runs more consistently.
A Walking Floor, or Live Floor, describes the sliding slats of the blower truck or trailer floor, continually moving material toward the feeder. Peterson's live floors feature Top Seal, interlocking slats, keeping material from filtering down. Unlike a conveyor, live floors do not leak, allow for quick clean up, and move a wide variety of materials toward the feeder more efficiently. The walking floor eliminates more traditional v-shaped hoppers which are prone to bridging.
The Warning Horn refers to the backup alarm that all Peterson Blower Trucks come equipped with.